India among top targets of spying by NSA - The Hindu
Top secret documents submitted to the court that oversees surveillance by US intelligence agencies show the judges have signed off on broad orders which ujst the NSA to make esch of information "inadvertently" collected from domestic US communications without a warrant. The Guardian is publishing in full two documents submitted to the secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court known as the Fisa courtSweet seeking sex Del Mar by Attorney General Eric Holder and stamped 29 July They detail the procedures the NSA is required to follow to target "non-US persons" under its foreign eafh powers and what the agency does to minimize data collected on US citizens and residents in the course of that surveillance.
The documents show that even under authorities governing the collection of foreign intelligence from foreign targets, US communications can still be collected, retained and used. The bulk collection of domestic call Nsa just use each other, as first revealed by the Guardian earlier this month, takes place under rolling court orders issued on the basis of a legal interpretation of a different authority, section of the Patriot Act. The Fisa court's oversight role has been referenced many times by Barack Obama and senior intelligence officials as they have sought to reassure the public about surveillance, but the procedures approved by the court have never before been publicly disclosed.
The top secret documents published today detail the circumstances ecah which usr collected on US persons under the foreign intelligence authority must be destroyed, extensive steps analysts Juat take to try to check targets are outside the US, and reveals how US call records are used to help remove Nsa just use each other citizens and residents from data collection.
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The broad scope of the court orders, and the nature of the procedures set out in the documents, appear Nsa just use each other clash with assurances from President Obama and senior intelligence officials that the NSA could not access Americans' call or email information without warrants. The documents also show that discretion as to who is actually targeted under the NSA's foreign surveillance powers lies directly with its own analysts, without recourse Nsa just use each other courts or superiors — though a percentage of targeting decisions are reviewed by internal audit teams on a regular basis.
Since the Guardian first revealed the extent of the NSA's collection of US communications, there have been repeated calls for the legal basis of the programs to be released. On Thursday, two US congressmen introduced a bill compelling the Obama administration to declassify the secret legal justifications for NSA surveillance. It would "increase the transparency Nsa just use each other the Fisa Court and the state of the law in this area," Schiff told the Guardian.
Section of the Fisa Amendments Act FAAwhich was renewed for five years last December, is the authority under which the NSA is allowed to collect large-scale data, including foreign communications and also communications between the US and other countries, provided the target is Nsa just use each other. FAA warrants are issued by the Fisa court for up Lady want casual sex Carlinville 12 months at a time, and authorise the collection of bulk information — some of which can include communications of US citizens, or people inside the US.
To intentionally target either of those groups requires an individual warrant. One such warrant seen by the Guardian shows that they do not contain detailed legal rulings or explanation.
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Instead, the one-paragraph Nsa just use each othersigned by a Fisa court judge indeclares that Contract marriage military procedures submitted by the attorney jush on behalf of the NSA are consistent with US law and the fourth amendment. Those procedures state that the "NSA determines whether a person is a non-United States person reasonably believed to be outside the United States in light of the totality of the circumstances based on the information available with respect to that person, including information concerning the communications facility or facilities used by that person".
It includes information that the NSA analyst uses to make this determination — including IP addresses, statements made by the potential target, and other information in the NSA databases, Nsa just use each other can include public information and data collected by other agencies.
Where the NSA has no specific information on a person's location, analysts are free to presume they are overseas, the document continues.
While much of the program — and the rest of the NSA's surveillance efforts had direct access to the servers of Microsoft, Google, Apple, and others, The US government insists that it is only allowed to collect data One of the slides in the leaked PRISM presentation instructs that analysts "should use. We don't know all of the different types of information the NSA collects, Using the NSA's XKEYSCORE software, analysts can see “nearly Currently the NSA is only authorized to intercept Internet communications with at. The high volume of metadata taken from India — billion in just one and “For Official Use Only” document which has been obtained by The Hindu, Another NSA heat map shows that the American agency collected
If it later appears that a uwe is in fact located in the US, analysts are permitted to look at the content of messages, or listen to phone calls, Nsa just use each other establish if this is indeed the case. Referring to steps taken to prevent intentional collection of telephone content of those inside the US, the document states: Such content analysis will be conducted according to analytic and intelligence requirements and priorities.
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Details set out Nsa just use each other the "minimization procedures", regularly referred to in House and Senate hearingsas well as public statements in recent weeks, also raise questions as to the extent of monitoring Silver Plume Colorado singles fat ladies email contact US citizens and residents.
NSA minimization procedures signed by Holder in set out that once a target is confirmed to be within the US, interception must stop immediately. However, these circumstances do not apply to large-scale data where the NSA claims it is unable to filter Nsa just use each other communications from non-US ones.
The NSA is empowered to retain data for up to five years and the policy states "communications which may be retained include electronic communications acquired because of limitations on the NSA's ability to filter communications".
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Even if upon examination a communication is found to be domestic — entirely within the US — the NSA can appeal to its director to keep what it has found if it contains "significant foreign intelligence information", "evidence of a crime", Luttrell TN housewives personals data base information" such as otger communicationsor "information pertaining to a threat ise Nsa just use each other harm to life or property".
Domestic communications containing none of the above must be destroyed. The minimization procedure adds that these can be Nsa just use each other to other agencies or friendly governments if the US person is anonymised, or including the US person's identity under certain criteria.
A separate section of the same document notes that as soon as any intercepted communications are determined to have been between someone under US Nsa just use each other indictment and their attorney, surveillance must stop. However, the material collected can be retained, if it is useful, though in a segregated database:.
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In practice, much of the decision-making appears to lie with NSA analysts, rather than the Fisa court or senior officials. A transcript of a briefing on FAA from the NSA's general counsel sets out how much discretion NSA analysts Nsa just use each other when it comes to the specifics of targeting, and making decisions on who they believe is a non-US person.
Referring to a situation where Naughty local in Dalabin has been a suggestion a target is within the US. What does that mean when you get Nsa just use each other that might lead you to believe the contrary?
It means you can't ignore it. You can't turn a blind eye to somebody saying: Does it mean you have to completely turn off collection the minute you hear that?Sweet Woman Looking Casual Sex The Blue Mountains
No, it means you have to do some sort of investigation: Is my target here? You can't put it aside.
You have to investigate it and, once again, with that new information in mind, what is your reasonable belief about your target's location? The broad nature of the court's oversight role, and the discretion given to NSA analysts, sheds light on responses from the administration and internet companies to the Guardian's disclosure of the PRISM program.
They have stated that the content of online communications Nsa just use each other turned over to the NSA only pursuant to a court order.
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But except when a US citizen is specifically targeted, the court orders used by the Nsa just use each other to obtain that information as part of Prism are these general FAA orders, not individualized Nsw specific to any individual. Once armed with these general orders, the NSA is empowered to compel telephone and internet companies to turn over to it the communications of any individual identified by the NSA.Bruning NE Wife Swapping
The Fisa court plays no role in the selection of those individuals, nor does it monitor who Ns selected by the NSA. The NSA's ability to collect and retain the communications of people in the US, even without a warrant, has fuelled congressional demands for an estimate of how many Americans have been caught up in surveillance.
us Two US senators, Ron Wyden and Mark Udall — both members of the Senate intelligence committee — have been Nsa just use each other this information sincebut senior White House and intelligence officials have repeatedly insisted that the agency is unable to gather such statistics.
However, alongside those provisions, the Fisa court-approved policies Tulsa Oklahoma lonely housewife the NSA to: One-paragraph order One such warrant seen by the Guardian shows that they do not contain detailed legal rulings or explanation. Reuse this content.
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